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Contra a humanidade

Policial sérvio é condenado por estupros na Guerra da Bósnia

Um antigo policial sérvio-bósnio, Dragan Zelenović, foi condenado a 15 anos de prisão por torturar e estuprar mulheres muçulmanas durante a Guerra da Bósnia entre 1992 a 1995.

A decisão foi dada na quarta-feira (4/4) pelo Tribunal Penal Internacional para a antiga Iugoslávia, que considerou as atitudes de Zelenović como um crime contra a humanidade em tempos de guerra.

Zelenović, de 46 anos, estava escondido na Sibéria quando foi detido em 2005. Em junho de 2006, foi transferido para o TPIAI e em janeiro deste ano se declarou culpado por ter torturado e estuprado sete mulheres na cidade de Foca em abril de 1992. As mulheres foram aprisionadas e torturadas durante três meses, de julho a outubro. Zelenović foi condenado por nove estupros, sendo que oito foram qualificados como tortura também.

O criminoso não demonstrou nenhuma emoção quando o juiz leu a sentença. Uma das mulheres tinha apenas 15 anos quando foi aprisionada e estuprada. Outra tinha uma arma na cabeça enquanto era estuprada.

“As vítimas nos centros de detenção de Foca sofreram uma dor indescritível, indignidade e humilhação ao serem repetidamente violentadas, sem saberem se elas poderiam sobreviver”, disse o juiz Alphons Orie.

“O medo deixado pelos assaltos sexuais foram profundos e talvez nunca as deixem. Isto, talvez mais do que qualquer coisa, demonstra a gravidade dos crimes deste caso”, completou o juiz.

Em 2001, três outros sérvio-bósnios foram indiciados ao mesmo tempo e sofreram sentenças de 12 a 28 anos de prisão.

Leia sentença do TPIAI em inglês

This Trial Chamber is sitting today to deliver its Sentencing Judgement in the case of the Prosecution versus Dragan Zelenović.

For the purposes of this hearing, the Trial Chamber will summarize briefly its findings. We emphasize that this is a summary only, and that the authoritative account of the Trial Chamber's findings is to be found in the written Sentencing Judgement, which will be made available at the end of this session.

Mr. Zelenović was charged with seven counts of torture and rape as crimes against humanity and seven counts of torture and rape as violations of the laws or customs of war. He is charged as individually responsible pursuant to Article 7(1) of the Statute. The crimes charged took place in Foča municipality, in Bosnia-Herzegovina, from July to October 1992.

Some years after an indictment against Mr. Zelenović had been issued by this Tribunal, Mr. Zelenović left his home and travelled to Russia under a false name in order to avoid detection and arrest. He was arrested by Russian authorities on 22 August 2005 and on 8 June 2006, he was transferred to Bosnia-Herzegovina. From there, he was transferred to the Tribunal and detained at the UNDU. The Referral Bench was at this time already seized of a Prosecution motion pursuant to Rule 11 bis to transfer the case of Mr. Zelenović to Bosnia-Herzegovina for trial there. However, on 14 December 2006, the Prosecution and the Defence in this case filed a joint motion for consideration of a plea agreement between Mr. Zelenović and the Office of the Prosecutor, according to which Mr. Zelenović agreed to plead guilty to three counts of torture and four counts of rape as crimes against humanity. During a hearing before this Trial Chamber on 17 January 2007, Mr. Zelenović pleaded guilty to the mentioned seven counts of crimes against humanity. At that same hearing, the Trial Chamber accepted the guilty pleas and found Mr. Zelenović guilty accordingly.

The facts underlying the guilty plea are set out in a Factual Statement attached to the Plea Agreement. The Trial Chamber will now summarize these facts.

Dragan Zelenović was born on 12 February 1961 in Foča, eastern Bosnia-Herzegovina. During the indictment period, Mr. Zelenović was a soldier and, de facto, a military policeman in the Bosnian-Serb Territorial Defence, and from the summer 1992 onwards in the Bosnian-Serb army.

The political and military take-over of Foča municipality started with Serb forces shelling the town of Foča, with heavy artillery, in the beginning of April 1992. This attack was part of an armed conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina between forces of the government of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serb forces. The attacks on Foča and the surrounding villages, most of which were undefended and had no military targets, lasted until mid-July 1992.

During and after the take-over of Foča town and its surrounding villages and municipalities, Muslim and other non-Serb inhabitants were subjected to a widespread and systematic pattern of abuses, designed to remove the majority of them from the municipality. Muslim and other non-Serb inhabitants were methodically rounded up, beaten, and sometimes killed. Men and women were separated and transported to various detention facilities where they were subjected to humiliating and degrading treatment. After extended periods of detention, the detainees were deported or forcibly transferred to Montenegro or locations controlled by the government of Bosnia-Herzegovina. As a consequence of the attack on the civilian population of Foča and its surrounding municipalities, Muslim civilians were to a very large extent expelled from the region.

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Revista Consultor Jurídico, 7 de abril de 2007, 0h00

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